Mitigating reverse recovery power losses in MOSFET switching cell using extra Schottky diodes—Application to voltage source inverter - Ifsttar Access content directly
Journal Articles Power Electronic Devices and Components Year : 2024

Mitigating reverse recovery power losses in MOSFET switching cell using extra Schottky diodes—Application to voltage source inverter

Abstract

This article introduces a comparative study of the losses in Voltage Source Inverter (VSI) based on Metal-OxideSemiconductor Field-Effect Transistors (MOSFETs) depending on whether or not the latter are associated with antiparallel diodes. These diodes are optional because MOSFETs have an intrinsic diode capable of conducting reverse currents when their channel is in OFF state. However, it induces additional reverse recovery losses and damaging voltage overshoots. This undesired circumstance occurs during the mandatory switching cell deadtime and is accurately modelled and assessed in this study. Conversely, Schottky diodes feature almost zero reverse recovery losses. Hence, combining each MOSFET with an antiparallel Schottky diode may reduce the converter overall losses. To assess this strategy, an analytical model of the charge stored within the body diode is developed and then compared to experiments using the Double Pulse Test (DPT). It reveals accurate and well suited because it requires only two constant macro parameters which permits to forecast the reverse recovery losses over a wide range of operating conditions, namely switched current, current slope and dead time duration. The selected model is applied in the case where a Schottky diode is placed antiparallel to the MOSFET. It then appears clearly that the interest of such a combination depends on the static characteristics of both the MOSFET and the Schottky diode. This output is a noteworthy point for power electronics designers. Finally, the developed model is applied in the standard use case of the Voltage Source Inverter (VSI). The results reveal the advantage of the suggested model in this use case because the current evolves significantly over time. The outcome of this VSI analysis shows that a significant recovery losses decrease is achieved with good sizing fit between the MOSFET transistor and the additional Schottky diode.
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Dates and versions

hal-04591673 , version 1 (29-05-2024)

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Mohammed Bououd, Yiyu Lai, Adrien Voldoire, Hoang Emmanuel, Olivier Béthoux. Mitigating reverse recovery power losses in MOSFET switching cell using extra Schottky diodes—Application to voltage source inverter. Power Electronic Devices and Components, 2024, 8, pp.100066. ⟨10.1016/j.pedc.2024.100066⟩. ⟨hal-04591673⟩
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